Impacts of Visa Policy on Inbound Tourism in Kazakhstan
Keywords:visa policy, visa restrictions, visa facilitation, visa liberalization, destination competitiveness, destination perception, inbound tourism, Kazakhstan
Every destination in the world tries to create affordable conditions for tourists to get the maximum benefit from international tourism and one of these conditions is accessibility, which refers to the visa policy of a country. An effective and appropriate visa policy makes travel destinations more attractive and easily accessible to visit. This research focuses on the visa policy of Central Asian country – the Republic of Kazakhstan and reveals several problems related to it, such as lack of information on the visa application process, especially on e-visa, raw systemized visa and migration portal, a long list of visa-needed countries, plenty of refusals in invitation letters by Migration Police and existence of huge visa restrictions for some countries. The current visa policy makes the Republic of Kazakhstan less open to foreigners and less competitive among other countries.
Based on a literature review on visa policy and its effects on the economy and tourism sector in a destination and by using comparative analysis of visa policies of two Central Asian countries – Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, several problems that affect inbound tourism, as well as recommendations for improvement of visa policy for Kazakh government are discussed in this research.
Authors publishing in the journal agrees with as follows:
- The authors reserve the right to enter into separate contractual agreements regarding the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published here (for example, placing it in the institute's repository, publishing it in a book, translating it into another language), with reference to its original publication in this journal.
- Authors are allowed to store preprints and postprints of their work. Authors have the right to post their work on the Internet (for example, in an institute repository or personal website) before and during the review process in the editorial board of the journal.