The Study of Higher Education in the Regions of Kazakhstan: Analysis of Tools and Indicators
Keywords:Economic Growth, Economic Development, Region, Regional Differences, Higher Education, University
This study aimed to analyse the state of higher education in the regions of Kazakhstan based on an integrated approach according to use of statistical methods and aggregation of empirical data. In this study, the focus is on assessing the level of development of higher education institutions in Kazakhstan based on the selected three groups of variables: enrollment in higher education institutions; subjects and objects of higher professional education (number of teaching staff, number of students, number of universities); provision of services (budget, population, enterprises). The research design was divided into three stages: data collection, analysis and recommendations. The data sample from 2010 to 2021 was taken from the annual statistical yearbooks of the Republic of Kazakhstan. In this study based on a comprehensive review of the above variables, it is proposed to conduct an analysis at the following three stages: data collection, definitions of the initial data and evaluation of the time period; sampling of initial data, analysis of collected data and interpretation; description of the results obtained; conclusions and recommendations. The practical results of the study and conclusions can be used by government agencies in the analysis and forecasting of the development of the education system in the region. The data obtained showed that there are differences in the availability of higher education in different regions of Kazakhstan. High rates in the cities of Astana and Almaty may be associated with their status as the capital and the largest city, respectively.
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