The Level of Development of the Socio-Economic Indicators of the Abay Region: Methods and Analysis
Keywords:Economic Development, Region, Regional Development, Population, Education, Health, Migration
This descriptive work is aimed at studying at the micro level the socio-demographic indicators of the Abay region of Kazakhstan. The literature review highlights the importance of population dynamics, education, health care and internal migration for sustainable development in the region and in the country. The study also uses the fuzzy set method for several aspects of the selected indicators. Secondary data for 2010-2020 are taken from an open source - the Bureau of National Statistics and were used to identify negative trends and contradictions. The results showed that over the past 10 years there are negative trends in the region in terms of indicators: a high level of emigration, a shortage of able-bodied population, an increase in the number of schoolchildren with a constant number of schools, and a negative trend in hospital organizations. Beskaragai and Borodulikha districts natural population growth decreased by 62 percent. The number of schools in the region has slightly decreased, while in Semey (23%), Kurchatov district (30%) and Ayagoz (1.54%) district there is an increase in school enrollment. In Abay and Kokpekty districts, there is a decrease in the number of schools enrollment (-10% and -16%). The number of hospital beds has decreased significantly in most districts (more than 30 percent in half of the districts). In general, this article contributes to a deeper understanding of the socio-demographic dynamics of the Abai region. The results obtained can be used in making political decisions related to population regulation and economic development in each region.
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