The Regional Features of the Placement of Light Industry Enterprises in Kazakhstan
Keywords:Light industry, regional clusters, production placement, regional economy
The article is devoted to the issues of the location of the productive forces of light industry in the regions of Kazakhstan, which is influenced not only by the factors of the availability of natural resources, favorable geographical location, but also by factors of "second nature", in particular, the likelihood of agglomeration effects from crowding and the possibility of economies of scale. The analysis of geographical concentration and regional specialization reflects the general trends in the placement of industrial production, provides the necessary information basis for a balanced economic policy. The localization coefficient, concentration and specialization indices of Herfindahl–Hirschman and Krugman were used as methodological assessment tools in the study. The high concentration of industrial production of light industry enterprises in the regions of the country was revealed. The results obtained can be used in scientific research to analyze the distribution of productive forces, assess the development of agglomeration processes, as recommendations for conducting economic policy in the regions.
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