The Agricultural Sector in the Republic of Kazakhstan: Analysis of the State, Problems and Ways of Solution
Keywords:agro-industrial complex, agriculture, gross domestic product, gross regional product, livestock
The main objectives of the economic security of the country is to create competitive industries to meet the needs of the population and replace imports of socially essential goods. Kazakhstan's consumer market still retains a high share of imported products, so for the sustainable development of Kazakhstan, it is necessary to form and activate potential economic growth points, primarily in the agricultural and industrial sectors. The purpose is to study the current state of the agricultural industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan and to identify trends in its development. The methods include the systematization of information from the analyzed literature sources: analysis, synthesis, structuring, and traditional ways of economic analysis, such as comparison and details. The method of analysis allows us to study various aspects of agricultural production. Systematization of the data obtained in the course of the study is carried out on the basis of the method of tables. The graphic method is used to visualize the initial data, as well as the results obtained, and their interpretation. Results – the state of the agricultural industry in the Republic of Kazakhstan was analyzed; a comparison of indicators of agricultural production output of the Commonwealth countries was carried out; key areas affecting the increase in the gross domestic product of the country by increasing the production of agricultural products were identified. It is recommended to build a model for assessing the state of problems to improve the level of development of the agro-industrial complex.
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