Food Market of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Export Opportunities
Keywords:Economics, Agro-Industrial Complex, Food Industry, Export, Certification of Products
The article analyzes the resource potential of export opportunities of the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It presents a study of agro-industrial exports over the last 5 years, highlights the main problems in this area and the measures taken by the state to solve them, and emphasizes the problems of non-tariff regulation of exports of agro-industrial products of Kazakhstan. The creation of accredited laboratories for the examination of agricultural products according to international standards is proposed as one of the directions for solving this problem.
Purpose of the study: To study the export potential of the food industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan and to develop proposals to increase its share in the structure of the country's exports.
Methodology: As a result of the study of the scientific problem, such methods as: monographic, abstract-logical and economic-statistical were used. The theoretical aspect of the study of the export potential of the agro-food complex and the food industry of Kazakhstan as a whole was based on the basic principles of economic and institutional theory, contributing to the identification of some reserve opportunities for its growth.
In the course of researching the issues, economic and statistical methods were used to assess the dynamics of food production and to give a forecast assessment of the growth of export potential of Kazakhstan's agro-food complex.
For a comprehensive study of the problem the authors also used such scientific methods as dialectics, abstraction, deduction, induction, analysis and synthesis.
The following official sources served as data for analysis of the export potential of the Republic of Kazakhstan and calculation of forecast estimates: statistical data from the Bureau of National Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the State Revenue Committee of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and COMTRADE international trade databases.
Originality: Presented a study of exports of agro-industrial complex products of Kazakhstan for 2016-2020, identified the primary problems in this area of research, the steps of state support for their solution, described the problems of non-tariff regulation of exports of products of the country. One of the possible ways of solving this problem is the opening of accredited laboratories for the examination of agricultural products in accordance with international standards.
Results of the study: Based on the study of the level of expansion of the range of exports of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the context of consolidated commodity groups, the authors show that the highest concentration of exports is in the export of mineral products. In addition, stable growth of diversification is observed in the export of agricultural products of both animal and plant origin. The need for certification of agricultural products through the creation of a network of its own laboratories that meet the requirements of international standards in the exporting countries is conditioned.
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